Mahsa Amini protests

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mahsa Amini protests
Part of the 2021–2022 Iranian protests, the Iranian Democracy Movement, Iranian protests against compulsory hijab, and the aftermath of the death of Mahsa Amini
Date16 September 2022 – present (2022-09-16 – present)
Location
Iran, with solidarity rallies worldwide[1]
Caused by
Goals
Methods
StatusOngoing
  • Universities and schools postponing in-person classes until the first week of October 2022
Parties to the civil conflict

Iran Iranian protesters

Support by most anti-Islamic Republic organizations
Lead figures
*No centralized leadership
Casualties
Death(s)At least 41 killed (state media)[4]
At least 76 killed (Iran Human Rights)[5][6]
See casualties for details.
Injuries733+[7]
Arrested1,200 people (per Tasnim News Agency)[8]

The Mahsa Amini protests are an ongoing series of protests and civil unrest against the government of Iran that began in Tehran on 16 September 2022. The protests began as a reaction to the death of Mahsa Amini (Persian: مهسا امینی), also known as Jina Amini or Zhina Amini (Persian: ژینا امینی, Kurdish: ژینا ئەمینی),[9] a 22-year-old Kurdish woman who died while in police custody. According to eyewitnesses, she was beaten by the Guidance Patrol, the Islamic "morality police" of Iran, who accused her of wearing an "improper" hijab in violation of Iran's mandatory hijab law.[10] Iranian police have denied that Amini was beaten while she was in custody.[11]

The Mahsa Amini protests began hours after her death in Tehran. Protests first began at the hospital where Amini was treated and then quickly spread to other cities, firstly in Amini's home province of Kurdistan, including in Saqqez, Sanandaj, Divandarreh, Baneh, and Bijar.[12][13] In response to these demonstrations, beginning on 19 September the Iranian government implemented regional shutdowns of Internet access. As protests grew, a widespread Internet blackout was imposed along with nationwide restrictions on social media.[14][15] In response to the protests over Amini's death, people held demonstrations in support of the government across several cities in Iran.[16]

As of 26 September 2022, at least 57 protestors have been killed as a result of the government's intervention in the protests, involving tear gas and live rounds,[5][17] making the protests the deadliest since the 2019–2020 protests that resulted in more than 1,500 fatalities.[18] The government's response to the protests has largely been condemned, and the United States Department of the Treasury has sanctioned the Guidance Patrol and several high-ranking Iranian officials.

Background[edit]

Iranian protests against compulsory hijab began in 2017. Mahsa Amini was a 22-year-old Kurdish Iranian woman who was arrested by the Guidance Patrol on 14 September 2022 because of an "improper hijab." The police were accused of beating her and inflicting a fatal head injury;[19] Amini was pronounced dead on 16 September. After her funeral, protests were held in different parts of Iran. A nationwide strike was later called from Kurdistan Province to Tehran on 18 September. Iranian Kurdistan parties and civil and political activists from Kurdistan declared Monday a general strike day.[20][21][22]

Timeline[edit]

Hours after Mahsa Amini died, a group of people gathered in protest against her alleged murder near Kasra Hospital, where Amini died, and chanted slogans such as "death to the dictator", "Guidance Patrol is a killer", "I will kill, I will kill the one who killed my sister",[23] "I swear by Mahsa's blood, Iran will be free", "Khamenei is a murderer, his government is invalid", and "oppression against women from Kurdistan to Tehran". These protests were met with the suppression and arrest of protesters. A number of women took off and burned their headscarves and chanted the slogan "Shameless Daesh".[24][25] Some people honked their car horns in the streets as a protest. Another protest against compulsory hijab-wearing laws took place that evening in Tehran's Argentina Square. Protesters chanted slogans against Iran's president and compulsory hijab-wearing laws. Released videos of the evening show the violent arrest of some of the protesters.[26][27]

17 September[edit]

Beginning on Saturday, after Amini's burial, Saqqez, her hometown, and the city of Sanandaj were the scenes of massive demonstrations. In response, the government used violent force to disperse protesters. Following the publication of an image of Amini's tombstone in Saqqez, its inscription became a slogan of the protests:

Persian: ژینا جان تو نمی‌میری. نامت یک نماد می‌شود
romanized: Žīnā Ǧān to ne-mī-mīrī. Nām-at Yek Namād mī-šavad
"Beloved Žina (Mahsa), you will not die. Your name will become a symbol." [28][29][30]

18 September[edit]

The people of Sanandaj once again took to the streets on Sunday night to protest against the death of Mahsa. They chanted the slogans "death to the dictator", "shame on us, shame on us / our bastard leader", and "death to Khamenei". As a sign of protest, a group of women took off their hijabs. According to unconfirmed sources quoted by the BBC, security forces fired on the demonstrators.[31] A number of students from Tehran University held a protest rally on Sunday with placards in their hands.[32] A heavy presence of security forces was reported in Tehran and Mashhad.[33]

19 September[edit]

On 19 September, the government cut off mobile internet service in central Tehran. According to videos on social media, protests continued in downtown Tehran, the northern city of Rasht, the central city of Isfahan, as well as in Western Kurdish territory.[34] According to Hengaw, a Nordic organization that monitors human rights in Iran, three protesters were killed by security forces in Kurdistan Province.[35]

A 23-year-old man named Farjad Darvishi was killed by police while protesting in the Waliasr town of Urmia, Iran. He was allegedly shot by police security agents during the demonstration, and died from his wounds on his way to the hospital.[36][37][38]

20 September[edit]

According to the Voice of America, unconfirmed social media videos showed anti government protests in at least 16 of Iran's 31 provinces, including "Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hormozgan, Ilam, Isfahan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Tehran, and West Azerbaijan." Protesters in Sari appeared to tear down pictures of the Ayatollah and his predecessor from a city building. Iranian state media reported that three people had been killed in Kurdistan protests.[39] According to Hengaw, two male protesters (Zakaria Khial, 16 years old, and Farjad Darvishi, 23 in Piranshahr and Urmia, respectively) were killed by security forces in West Azerbaijan,[40][41] and a female protester was similarly killed in Kermanshah. The prosecutor in Kermanshah denied state responsibility, stating that people were being killed by "anti-revolutionary elements". Iranian state media reported a police assistant's death from protesters in the southern city of Shiraz.[35] In the city of Kerman, a woman was filmed removing her hijab and cutting off her ponytail during a protest. Some witnesses interviewed by CNN characterized the day's protests as "flash protests" that sought to form and then disperse quickly before security forces could intervene.[42]

21 September[edit]

Women in Sari were recorded burning their hijabs in protest. According to Hengaw, a man allegedly shot by security forces on 19 September died two days later.[35] Hengaw stated that a total of ten demonstrators had been killed by security forces; Amnesty International stated it had confirmed eight of those deaths. Amnesty International also condemned what it called the "unlawful use of birdshot and other munitions" against the protesters. WhatsApp and Instagram, the only mainstream social media and messaging apps permitted in Iran, were restricted by the government; in addition, there was a widespread internet shutdown, especially on mobile networks. Iran's Basij, a state militia, held pro-government counter-rallies in Tehran. In other countries, demonstrations of solidarity with the protesters occurred in countries including Canada, Italy, Sweden, Turkey, and the United States.[43]

According to Iran International, there was a brief exchange of fire between the Iranian Army and the IRGC in Saqqez.[44]

According to two semi-official Iranian news agencies, a member of the Basij was stabbed to death in Mashhad.[45]

22 September[edit]

Protesters in Tehran and other cities burned police stations and cars.[45] The protests continued despite widespread internet outages throughout Iran.[46] People in different areas of north and south of the capital, Tehran, continued their protests with different slogans.[47][48] Iranian state media stated that at least 17 people had been killed to date, while the Oslo-based Iran Human Rights NGO counted at least 31 civilians dead.[49]

23 September[edit]

Protests continued in Tehran, heavy fighting was reported in Isfahan at dusk. Аlso in many other cities including Tehran, Mashhad, and Babol people continued to protest.[50] Universities were closed, and shifted to virtual teaching mode.[51] It was reported that in the city of Oshnavieh, after days of very heavy protesting and clashing, protestors took control of the city; however the Iranian government denied this.[52]

The same day, thousands of people in multiple cities across Iran participated in pro-government rallies in condemnation of the riots and in support of the hijab.[53][54] According to a live state television broadcast, demonstrators chanted "Death to America" and "Death to Israel."[55]

The United States Department of State issued a general license allowing corporations access to the Iranian internet market.[56] In response, American entrepreneur Elon Musk said that he would activate his satellite internet firm, Starlink, to provide internet services to Iran.[57] However, the updated license did not cover hardware supplied by Starlink but the firm and similarly others were allowed to apply for permission to the US Treasury.[58]

24 September[edit]

Heavy protests at the contested city of Oshnavieh continued. Protests also continued in Shiraz and Tehran, in front of Tehran University.[59] Iranians living abroad marched in different cities of the world, including in Erbil, Berlin, Stuttgart, and Melbourne in support of the Iranian people.[60][61][62]

Inside Gilan province police and Iranian revolutionary guards arrested 739 people, including at least 60 women.[63] 88 guns were found and confiscated in Khuzestan province.[64] IRGC made multiple arrests in Kerman.[65]

The New York Times reported that security forces were "opening fire on the crowds" in multiple cities, and stated "The videos posted online and the scale of the response from the authorities are difficult to independently verify, but video and photographs sent by witnesses known to The New York Times were broadly in line with the images being posted widely online." The Committee to Protect Journalists reported at least 11 journalists arrested, including Niloofar Hamedi, the reporter who originally broke Mahsa Amini's story.[66]

25 September[edit]

Protests continued in various parts of the capital of Tehran (Narmak, Ekbatan, Valiasr, Aryashahr), Karaj (Mehrshahr and Gohardasht), Sanandaj, Qaen, Kashmar, and Babol despite the widespread outage of the internet network in Iran. Also, protests against the Iranian government continued in different cities of the world such as London, Brussels, and New York City.[67][68][69][70][71] A Basij paramilitary member died of injuries he had sustained in Urmia on 22 September, making them one of the several Basijis to have been killed in the demonstrations. [72]

Despite the gathering of Iranian government's supporters in Tehran's Revolution Square and the threat of violent confrontation against the protesters, people came to the streets at night in different areas of Tehran, Bushehr, Sanandaj, Qazvin, Yazd, Urmia, Shiraz, and Mashhad. The police attempted to halt the protests again. Iranians residing in Canada, France, United Kingdom, Norway, and Austria marched in support of their compatriots in Iran.[73][74][17]

26 September[edit]

Civil boycotts[edit]

Many students have boycotted attending schools and universities, in-person or virtual. Schoolyear in Iran starts on the first day of Mehr (22 September). As a direct consequence of the unrests nationwide, universities and schools declared that the in-person agenda has been halted, and the curricula are to be conducted online until October 2022. With internet access being denied to the public, it is not at all clear how the schools will operate.

Similarly, many teachers and professors have declared their support for the movement, and have boycotted their teaching in response.

  • Ammar Ashoori, a professor in the faculty of Arts and Architecture at the Islamic Azad University, stood in solidarity with the protests. He was threatened to take down his supportive posts for the protests on social media by the custodian dean of the Faculty of Arts, or to face elimination of the courses he was to teach, to which he responded by boycotting his teaching and resigning in protest to this attack to his right to freedom of speech.[75]
  • Renowned Iranian director, producer, actor, and film-maker Mehran Modiri stood in solidarity with the people's movement and declared a boycott on IRIB and warned them to not show a single frame of Dorehami, a show that he had directed, from the state media.[77]
  • In an act of civil disobedience and in solidarity with the memory of Mahsa, Iranian actress Maryam Palizban removed her veil.[78]
  • IRIB radio hostess Marzieh Sadaei boycotted her service to the regime, and resigned in favor of "peace, justice, and democracy"[79]
  • Iranian actor and show host Soroush Sehat supported the people's movement in an Instagram post, making it clear he has no fear of any consequences and that nothing is more important to lose than the lives that are being lost.[80]

Resignations[edit]

In protest of the regime's oppression directed at women, Sajjad Esteki resigned to play for the national handball team under the flag of the Islamic Republic.[81] Similarly, Olympian fencer Mojtaba Abedini resigned to fence for the Islamic Republic.[82]

Slogans[edit]

"Woman, life, freedom"; One of the main slogans of the protesters

Demonstrators have employed a variety of slogans and placards in these protests, which directly criticize the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and its leader, Khamenei. Protesters have shown strong opposition to acts of Human Rights Violations perpetrated by Iran's Guidance Patrol in particular.[83] "Woman, Life, Freedom" (Persian: زن، زندگی، آزادی, romanizedZan, Zendegī, Āzādī, Kurdish: ژن، ژیان، ئازادی, romanized: Jin, Jiyan, Azadî) is a popular slogan of the protests.[84]

Casualties[edit]

According to Iran Human Rights, as of 26 September, at least 76 people had been killed, including 6 women and 4 children,[6] alongside hundreds of women detained and abused by the authorities. Death certificates obtained by the organization confirm that many have died with live bullets. The authorities are also using torture and ill-treatment to obtain false confessions from the protestors who had been arrested.[5][85][18][86] The Oslo-based human rights organization however stated that with the current Internet blackouts, it was difficult to get accurate and up-to-date figures.[17] Name and date of killing is shown when possible.

City Fatalities Name(s) Date Details
Amol 11 Erfan Rezai (21), Ghazaleh Chelavi 22 September [87][88]
Babol 6
Divandarre 2 Fouad Qadimi, Mohsen Mohammadi 20 September Iran Human Rights Group reports two deaths while other sources report four.[89]
Saqqez 1 Fereydoun Mahmoudi [90]
Dehgolan 1 Reza Lotfi 20 September [91]
Mahabad 1
Urmia 3 Farjad Darvishi, Abdollah Mohammad poor, Danesh Rahnama 21 September [92]
Karaj 1 Hadis Najafi 24 September Hadis Najafi, who took part in the protest action in the city of Karaj, died on the spot after receiving 6 bullet wounds in the chest, face and neck.[93]
Piranshahr 1 Zakaria Khyal 21 September Video showing his mother singing a Kurdish lullaby on his grave, calling him a "martyr".[40]
Kermanshah 2 Minoo Majidi (55) 22 September [94][95]
Oshnavieh 4 Amin Marefat (16), Milan Haqiqi (21), Sadreddin Litani (27), Danesh Rahnama (25) 22 September [96]
Quchan 1 Ali Mozaffari 22 September Saipa Volleyball Team player[97]
Bandar Anzali 1
Nowshahr 1 Hananeh Kia 21 September Shot and killed by security agents while returning home from the dentist.[98][99]
Ilam 1 Mohsen Qeysari 21 September [100]
Tabriz 1
Rasht 1 Maziar Salmanian 21 September Killed by direct police bullets.[101]
Eslamabad-e Gharb 2 Amir Fooladi (15), Saeid Mohammadi (21) 22 September [102]
Dehdasht 2 Pedram Azarnoosh, Mehrdad Behnam Asl 22 September
Fooladshahr 1 Mahsa Mogoei 23 September
Total 44

Internet blackouts[edit]

Facebook, Twitter, TikTok and Telegram had already been blocked by the government prior to the protests.[17] Beginning on 19 September 2022, the Iranian government initially cut off Internet access regionally, in order to prevent images and video of the protests from reaching a world-wide audience, and to discourage protesters from effectively organizing, blocking popular social media channels Instagram and WhatsApp in the cities of Saqqez and Sanandaj for a few days. With the spread of demonstrations throughout over 80 cities across the country, the government of the Islamic Republic shutdown the nation's entire Internet and severely restricted mobile networks.[103][14][104] According to Internet monitoring group Netblocks, these are "the most severe internet restrictions since the November 2019 massacre", when during the 2019–2020 Iranian protests the Internet was completely shutdown for an entire weeklong period, and 1,500 protesters were killed by government forces.[105][104]

Instagram and WhatsApp were blocked nationwide beginning on 21 September 2022. Iranian state media has said the imposed restrictions are due to "national security" concerns.[104] On Twitter, the messaging platform WhatsApp stated that they are working to keep Iranian users connected and would not block Iranian phone numbers.[45] However, multiple monitoring groups have documented rolling connectivity blackouts, affecting Iran's largest mobile carriers, with a "curfew-style pattern of disruptions" that lasts for 12 hours at a time. It has also been reported that text messages are being filtered, and communications which mention Mahsa Amini's name are blocked from delivery to the intended recipient.[104]

Despite the nationwide Internet blackouts, some video of the events are still making it out of the country. A small group of people from both inside and outside of Iran are running the 1500tasvir Instagram account, which has over 450,000 followers. The group says they are receiving more than 1,000 videos every day, and publish dozens of these videos on a daily basis, posting video to their Twitter account as well. One member of the 1500tasvir team noted the impact of Internet shutdowns can be extraordinary, and negatively impact protests, saying that "When you [can] ... see other people feel the same way, you get more brave" but "When the internet is cut off ... you feel alone".[104][106]

In response to Iran's Internet blackouts, Signal, the end-to-end encrypted messaging app, has asked for tech-savvy supporters to help Iranians circumvent the digital blockade. The organization that develops the app has requested international volunteers to run proxy servers so that people in Iran can safely communicate. In a blog post published on 22 September, the Signal CEO detailed step-by-step instructions, and has called for a Twitter hashtag campaign to promote the effort. Signal has also published help documents in the Persian language, for users within Iran.[107][108][109]

As of 24 September, access to Skype has reportedly been blocked.[106]

Reactions[edit]

On 22 September, CNN's chief international correspondent Christiane Amanpour was scheduled to interview Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi in New York City, following his appearance at the United Nations general assembly. Amanpour planned to speak with President Raisi about several international issues, including the death of Mahsa Amini and the related protests. The long-anticipated interview would have been the first time Raisi spoke with US media on American soil. Forty minutes after the interview was set to begin and before Raisi arrived, an aide to the Iranian leader made a last-minute request and stated that the meeting would not happen unless the journalist wore a headscarf, referring to "the situation in Iran" and calling it "a matter of respect". Amanpour responded that she could not agree to the "unprecedented and unexpected condition" and later reflected on the situation, saying that when conducting interviews outside of Iran, "I have never been asked by any Iranian president ... to wear a head scarf".[110][111][112]

Several Iranian women living in India demonstrated against the Iranian government and burned their hijabs as a sign of protests.[113]

On 24 September 2022, the Foreign Ministry of Iran summoned the ambassadors of the UK and Norway, over of what it considered their "interventionist stance". More specifically, the Iranian authorities protested the "hostility" allegedly created by Farsi-language London-based media outlets, as well as the statements made by Iranian-born president of the Norwegian parliament Masud Gharahkhani, in support of the protests.[114][17]

Incumbent Iranian politicians[edit]

  • Masoud Pezeshkian, (member of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, 2008 – present), in a video interview on IRINN TV translated by MEMRI said, "After 40 years of this society...They have been raised by us, not by the Americans. We have had control of the broadcasting authority, the mosques, the schools, the universities. We have been everywhere. It is our fault. We want to implement religious faith through the use of force. This is scientifically impossible."[115]

International reactions[edit]

Exiled leaders and activists[edit]

  1. "Direct & unequivocal support for #IranProtests
  2. European tech companies to offer #Internet & VPN support
  3. European Magnitsky sanctions on regime officials
  4. Recall EU Ambassadors from Iran, protesting the regime's increasing crackdown & in solidarity with the people".[116]
  • Maryam Rajavi wrote on her official social media, "I salute the martyrs of the nationwide #Iranprotests who laid down their lives for freedom. They symbolize their people's will to overthrow the mullahs and establish democracy in Iran. I urge the youth to rise up to secure the release of those arrested & support their families."[117]
  • Iranian former footballer Ali Karimi expressed his support for the protestors, and called on the Iranian army to side with them. He also shared technical advice on how to circumvent the Internet blackout. Fars News, partially affiliated with the IRGC considered him as "the new leader of the opposition", and called for his arrest.[44][118]
  • Masih Alinejad tweeted, "Police used tear gas to disperse Iranian protesters in Paris in an effort to protect the Islamic Republic embassy. Meanwhile, @EmmanuelMacron shook hands with the murderous president of Iran."[119]

Countries[edit]

  • Canada Canada: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced his government's support for the protesters, calling on the Iranian government to "end its repression of freedom of expression – and to end the ongoing harassment of, and discrimination against, women."[120] Foreign minister Mélanie Joly called for "a full and complete investigation into the regime's actions" in the aftermath of Amini's death.[121]
  • Turkey Turkey: Presidential Spokesperson İbrahim Kalın said he was saddened by the death of Mahsa Amini and that Iran needs to find a balanced way to respect one's free will and maintain the public order.[122] Demonstrations occurred in several Turkish cities, including a protest of a group of Iranians in front of the Iranian Consulate in Istanbul.[123][124]
  • United States United States: During his floor speech to the United Nations General Assembly, President Joe Biden offered solidarity to the protesters, imploring them to "secure their basic rights".[125] Secretary of State Antony Blinken condemned the Iranian government in response to Amini's death, tweeting that "[Amini's] death is unforgiveable. We will continue to hold Iranian officials accountable for such human rights abuses".[126] Later Blinken would announce that the US Government would be issuing a General License allowing US companies to ignore telecommunications sanctions against Iran in order to assist the protesters in attaining internet access.[127] Relpying to Blinken's tweet, Elon Musk implied that he would be activating Starlink to help keep the internet up in Iran.[57] Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez wrote, "Solidarity with the courageous women and allies in Iran protesting for their freedom. Mahsa Amini was senselessly murdered".[128] Senator Amy Klobuchar tweeted "The women of Iran are taking to the streets, risking their lives for their rights and freedoms. I am with you, we are with you."[129] Democratic U.S. Senator Chris Van Hollen told VOA's Persian Service, "What's happening in Iran, generally, is an outrageous treatment of its people. And then you have this, these attacks on Iranian women … a woman who was killed for not conforming" to a religious edict "with respect to her hair in a veil."[130]

International organizations[edit]

  • European Union European Union: The European External Action Service (EEAS) condemned Amini's death in a statement and called for the Iranian government to "ensure that fundamental rights of its citizens are respected".[131]
  • United Nations United Nations: Nada al-Nashif, the acting UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, expressed concern over Amini's death and Iranian authorities' response to the resulting protests.[132]
  • Amnesty International: The Amnesty International criticized the use of unlawful force by Iranian authorities to brutally quash the Nationwide protest sparked by the death of Mahsa Amini. Iranian security forces have fired metal pellets at protesters at close range, misused tear gas and water cannons, and severely beaten people with batons.[133]

Human rights advocates[edit]

After photos and videos of the protests and the responding force shown during the protests, many international human rights groups such as the Iran Human Rights group and the Human Rights Watch group, and the UN Acting High Commissioner for Human Rights Nada Al-Nashif, issued statements of concern. The Human Rights Watch group raised specific concerns about reports that seem to indicate authorities using teargas and lethal force to disperse protesters.[134]

Sanctions[edit]

On 22 September 2022, the United States Department of the Treasury announced sanctions against the Morality Police as well as seven senior leaders of Iran's various security organizations, "for violence against protestors and the death of Mahsa Amini". These include Mohammad Rostami Cheshmeh Gachi, chief of Iran's Morality Police, and Kioumars Heidari, commander of the Iranian army's ground force, in addition to the Iranian Minister of Intelligence Esmail Khatib, Haj Ahmad Mirzaei, head of the Tehran division of the Morality Police, Salar Abnoush, deputy commander of the Basij militia, and two law enforcement commanders, Manouchehr Amanollahi and Qasem Rezaei of the LEF in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province of Iran. The sanctions would involve blocking any properties or interests in property within the jurisdiction of the US, and reporting them to the US Treasury. Penalties would be imposed on any parties that facilitate transactions or services to the sanctioned entities.[135][136][137]

On 26 September 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated that his government will impose sanctions on the Morality Police, its leadership, and the officials responsible for the death of Mahsa Amini and the crackdown on the protestors.[138]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Worldwide protests continue after the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini". USA Today. 24 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Pro-government demonstrators take to the streets to show their rejection of Iranian protests". MSN. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  3. ^ "Thousands gather for pro-government rallies in Iran amid mass protests". Thousands gather for pro-government rallies in Iran amid mass protests. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  4. ^ Reuters, Thomson (24 September 2022). "At least 41 dead as protests rock Iran in week following death of Mahsa Amini, state TV says". CBC. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "اعتراضات در ایران؛ شمار کشته‌شدگان به دست‌کم ۱۰۰ تن رسید" اعتراضات در ایران؛ شمار کشته‌شدگان به دست‌کم ۵۰ تن رسید [Protests in Iran; The Number of Those Killed has Risen to at least 50 people]. Iran Human Rights (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ a b "Iran Protests; at least 76 Protesters Killed". 26 September 2022.
  7. ^ "Hengaw Report No. 6 on the Kurdistan protests, 15 dead and 733 injured". Hengaw. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  8. ^ "Death toll from Iranian protests climbs to 41". Financial Times. 25 September 2022.
  9. ^ "Zhina Amini goes into coma 2 hours after arrest". National Council of Resistance of Iran. 15 September 2022. Archived from the original on 15 September 2022. Retrieved 18 September 2022.
  10. ^ Strzyżyńska, Weronika (16 September 2022). "Iranian woman dies 'after being beaten by morality police' over hijab law". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  11. ^ Motamedi, Maziar. "Iran denies Mahsa Amini, woman who died in custody, was beaten". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  12. ^ AP, AFP (20 September 2022). "Mahsa Amini: EU concern over woman who died after being stopped by morality police". Euronews.
  13. ^ "Protests flare across Iran in violent unrest over woman's death". Reuters. 20 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  14. ^ a b Bonifacic, Igor (21 September 2022). "Iran restricts access to WhatsApp and Instagram in response to Mahsa Amini protests". Engadget. Archived from the original on 24 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  15. ^ Strzyżyńska, Weronika (22 September 2022). "Iran blocks capital's internet access as Amini protests grow". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  16. ^ "Iran marchers call for execution of anti-government protesters". the Guardian. 23 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Death toll grows in Iran as Mahsa Amini protests continue for 10th night". The Guardian. 26 September 2022.
  18. ^ a b "Eʿterāżāt dar Irān; Afzāyeš-e Āmār-e Koštešodegān be biš az 30 Hamzamān bā Eḫtelāl dar Internet" اعتراضات در ایران؛ افزایش آمار کشته‌شدگان به بیش از ۳۰ نفر همزمان با اختلال در اینترنت [Protests in Iran; The Number of Those Killed has Increased to over 30 People Simultaneously With Internet Blackout]. Iran Human Rights (in Persian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "Head of Iran's morality police reportedly suspended amid protests". The Guardian. 19 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  20. ^ Protests Spread From Hijab Victim's Hometown To Other cities, Iran International, 2022
  21. ^ Hengaw report No. 2 regarding Saqqez and Sanandaj protests, Hengaw News Agency, 2022
  22. ^ Internet disrupted in Iran amid protests over death of Mahsa, Iran Wire, 2022
  23. ^ "Protests in Iran After Woman Dies at Hands Of Morality Police For 'Improperly' Wearing Her Headscarf: 'Death To The Dictator!'". MEMRI. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  24. ^ Iran: Anti-government protests likely in cities nationwide through at least late September, Crisis24, 2022
  25. ^ Protests in Iran after woman dies in police custody, 21 September 2022, retrieved 23 September 2022
  26. ^ Protests in Iran at death of Kurdish woman after arrest by morality police, The Guardian, 2022
  27. ^ Mahsa Amini: Acting UN human rights chief urges impartial probe into death in Iran, United Nations, 2022
  28. ^ "Minnesotans gather to mourn Mahsa Amini, protest repression in Iran". Zhina Amini, you will not die. Your name will be a symbol,
  29. ^ "Payām Nevešte Šode Rūz Sang Bālā-ye Mazār-e Mahsā: To ne-mī-mīrī. Nām-at Yek Namād mī-šavad" پیام نوشته شده روی سنگ بالای مزار مهسا امینی: تو نمی‌میری، نام تو یک نماد می‌شود [Message written on Mahsa Amini's Gravestone: "You Will Not Die, Your Name Will Become a Code"]. Iran International (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  30. ^ "Ḫāksepār-e Mahsā Amīnī bā Sarkub-e Mosallahāne-e Šahrvand-ān; "Žīnā Ǧān to ne-mī-mīrī, Nām-at Yek Namād Mī-šavad"" خاکسپاری مهسا امینی با سرکوب مسلحانه شهروندان؛ «ژینا جان تو نمی‌میری، نامت یک نماد می‌شود» [Funeral of Mahsa Amini [met] with Armed Suppression of Citizens; "Beloved Žina, You Will Not Die. Your Name Will Become a Code"]. Kayhan London (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. ^ Mehsa Amini; The second night of protests in Sanandaj and Raisi's contact with Amini's family, (in Persian) 18 September 2022
  32. ^ "Taẓāhorāt dar Sanandaǧ, Mahābād va Karaǧ dar Eʿterāż be Marg-e Mahsā Amīni; Vākoneš-hā-ye Gostarde-e Edāme-ye Dārad" تظاهرات در سنندج، مهاباد و کرج در اعتراض به مرگ مهسا امینی؛ واکنش‌های گسترده ادامه دارد [Demonstrations in Sanandaj, Mahabad and Karaj protesting the Death of Mahsa Amini; Wide-Spread Reactions Continue]. Radio Farda (in Persian). 18 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  33. ^ "Edāme-ye Eʿterāżāt be Košte Šodan Mahsā Amīnī va Eʿlām-e ʿAzā-ye ʿOmūmī dar Rūz-hā-ye Yekšanbe va Došanbe" ادامه اعتراضات به کشته شدن مهسا امینی و اعلام عزای عمومی در روزهای یک‌شنبه و دوشنبه [Continuation of Protests against the Killing of Mahsa Amini and Announcement of Public Mourning on Sunday and Monday]. Iran International (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  34. ^ "Iranians protested in Tehran over a woman's death in police custody". NPR. Associated Press. 19 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  35. ^ a b c "Iran unrest: Women burn headscarves at anti-hijab protests". BBC News. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  36. ^ "Death of protesters in September; Farjad Darvishi was killed by security forces". Kurdpa. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  37. ^ Heidar, Y. (20 September 2022). "Šahīd Farǧād Darvišī bā Faryād-e "Šahīd Ne-mī-mīrad" be Ḫāk-e Seporde šod" شهید فرجاد درویشی با فریاد شهید نمی‌میرد به خاک سپرده شد [The Martyr Farjad Darvishi was Buried Accompanied by the Lamentation "A Martyr Does Not Die!"]. Iran Freedom Organization (in Persian).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  38. ^ "Anti-riot forces kill woman protestor in Kermanshah | Kurdistan Human Rights Network". KHRN. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  39. ^ "Iran Protests Against Woman's Death in Hijab Case Spread to 16 Provinces". VOA. 20 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  40. ^ a b "Košte Šodan Yek Novǧavān va Yek Ǧavān dar Eʿterāżāt-e Pīrānšahr va Orūmiye" کشته شدن یک نوجوان و یک جوان در اعتراضات پیرانشهر و ارومیه [One Teenager and One Young Person Slain During Protests in Piranshahr and Urmia]. Hengaw Organization for Human Rights (in Persian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  41. ^ "Iran unrest: Women burn headscarves at anti-hijab protests". BBC News. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  42. ^ "Iranian women burn their hijabs as hundreds protest death of Mahsa Amini". CNN. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  43. ^ "Internet restricted in Iran as protests spread". ABC News (Australia). 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  44. ^ a b "Iranian Football Star Calls On Army To Side With People in Protests". Iran International. 22 September 2022.
  45. ^ a b c Reuters (22 September 2022). "Iranian protesters torch police stations as unrest over woman's death spreads". Reuters. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  46. ^ Iran blocks capital’s internet access as Amini protests grow, The Guardian, 23 September 2022
  47. ^ Mobile internet disrupted in Iran during protests - Netblocks, Reuters, 22 September 2022
  48. ^ Iran protests rage as Mahsa Amini's father says authorities lied, CNN, 23 September 2022
  49. ^ Mahsa Amini: Protester death toll rises amid unrest in Iran over woman's death in police custody, euronews, 23 September 2022
  50. ^ "اعتراضات سراسری مردم ایران در روز هفتم؛ حضور معترضان در خیابان با شعارهایی علیه حکومت". Iran International (in Persian). Archived from the original on 23 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  51. ^ "مجازی شدن بعضی دانشگاه‌های ایران؛ تحریم کلاس‌های مجازی از سوی برخی دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران". Iran International (in Persian). 23 September 2022.
  52. ^ "Iranian government denies losing control after heavy anti-veil demonstrations". alatyar. Retrieved 24 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  53. ^ "Pro-government rallies held in Iran amid mass protests". AP NEWS. 23 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  54. ^ "Pro-government marchers call for executions, as protests continue in Iran". Arab News. 23 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  55. ^ "Iran marchers call for execution of anti-government protesters". The Guardian. 23 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  56. ^ "آمریکا مجوز کلی توسعه دست‌رسی به خدمات و حمایت از آزادی اینترنت را برای ایرانیان صادر کرد". Iran International (in Persian). 23 September 2022.
  57. ^ a b Elon Musk [@elonmusk] (23 September 2022). "Activating Starlink …" (Tweet). Retrieved 24 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  58. ^ "Iran protests: US to ease internet curbs for Iranians". BBC News. 24 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  59. ^ Continuation of protests, Iran International, 24 September 2022
  60. ^ Last News, Radio Farda, 24 September 2022
  61. ^ Kurdish protesters rally in Erbil over Mahsa Amini's death, Reuters, 24 September 2022
  62. ^ Protests Erupt Around The World Following Death Of Mahsa Amini While In Custody In Iran , Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty/Radio Liberty, 24 September 2022
  63. ^ roozplus.com, پایگاه خبری روز پلاس |. "دستگیری ۷۳۹ ‌اغتشاشگر‌ در گیلان/ کشف انواع سلاح گرم و سرد از آشوبگران". fa (in Persian). Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  64. ^ "۸۸ قبضه سلاح غیرمجاز در خوزستان کشف شد". خبرگزاری موج (in Persian). Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  65. ^ "بازداشت یکی از تحریک‌کنندگان ‌تخریب اموال عمومی در اغتشاشات کرمان- اخبار کرمان - اخبار استانها تسنیم | Tasnim". خبرگزاری تسنیم | Tasnim (in Persian). Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  66. ^ "Iran protests surge to dozens of cities". The Spokesman-Review. 24 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  67. ^ Young Iranians are rising up against decades of repression -- arguably bolder than ever, CNN News, 25 September 2022
  68. ^ Protests spread in Iran as President Raisi vows to crack down, The Guardian, 25 September 2022
  69. ^ Iran protests: Raisi to 'deal decisively' with widespread unrest, BBC News, 25 September 2022
  70. ^ Iran Protests Surge to Dozens of Cities, The New York Times, 25 September 2022
  71. ^ Iran will act decisively after biggest protests in years, president says, Reuters, 25 September 2022
  72. ^ Karadsheh, Hamdi Alkhshali,Jomana (25 September 2022). "Fifth Iranian paramilitary member killed as president warns protesters will be dealt with 'decisively'". CNN. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  73. ^ Iran protests Western stance on mass protests over woman's death, Reuters, 26 September 2022
  74. ^ Iran pledges 'decisive action' as Mahsa Amini protests continue, Aljazeera, 26 September 2022
  75. ^ "من عمار عاشوری در تاریخ ۳۰شهریور ۱۴۰۱ به حراست دانشگاه آزاد سوهانک فراخوانده شدم". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  76. ^ "درود بر تو استاد. زن زندگی آزادی". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  77. ^ "Video by Mehran Modiri". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  78. ^ "Woman, cinema, theater, culture, art, science, religion, Iran don't belong to YOU!". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  79. ^ "در خانه استیجاری در تهران /ایران، روی یک کاناپه نه چندان نو، و با تمام افتخار و مباهات خودسرپرست و مستقل، نه وابسته به رانتی و دستگاهی و کانالی و گروهی و نه استخدام ، این متن را مینویسم و با رادیو (صدا و سیما) خداحافظی میکنم". marzisadraei. 24 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  80. ^ "جلال پرسید " چرا لال شدی؟ ...چرا حرفی نمی زنی؟"". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  81. ^ "#ایران #مهسا_امینی". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  82. ^ "اینجانب مجتبی عابدینی". Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  83. ^ "Peyvastan Dānešǧūyān-e Irān be Eʿterāżāt-e Mardomī ʿAlīye Qatl-e Mahsā Amīnī" پیوستن دانشجویان ایران به اعتراضات مردمی علیه قتل مهسا امینی [Iran's University Students are Joining Popular Protests against the Murder of Mahsa Amini]. Al-Arabia Farsi (in Persian). 20 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  84. ^ "Ḫašm-e ʿOmūmī az Ǧānbâḫtan-e Mahsā Amīnī; Moʿtareżān-e Šoʿār "Zan, Zendegī, Āzādī" sar Dādand" خشم عمومی از جان‌باختن مهسا امینی؛ معترضان شعار «زن، زندگی، آزادی» سر دادند [Public Outcry over the Death of Mahsa Amini; Protestors Chanted the Slogan "Woman, Life, Freedom"]. Radio Farda (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  85. ^ "At least 36 killed as Iran protests over Mahsa Amini's death rage: NGO". Al Arabiya News. 23 September 2022.
  86. ^ "Noch mehr Tote bei Volksaufstand in Rojhilat und Iran". 25 September 2022.
  87. ^ "کشته شدن یک جوان ۲۱ ساله در اعتراضات آمل". iranwire.com (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  88. ^ "ʿAlāraqm Ǧū-ye Šadid-e Amniyatī; Tadāvom-e Eʿterāżāt dar Šešomīn Rūz" علیرغم جو شدید امنیتی؛ تداوم اعتراضات در ششمین روز - خبرگزاری هرانا [In Spite of the Atmosphere of Violent Security [Crackdown]; Continuation of Protests for Day Six]. Human Rights Activists News Agency (in Persian). 22 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  89. ^ "Manbaʿ-e Moṭṭaleʿ be Irān Internešnāl: Čahār Moʿtareż dar Dīvāndarre bā Golgūle-ye Ǧangī-ye Mamūrān Košte Šodand" منبع مطلع به ایران اینترنشنال: چهار معترض در دیواندره با گلوله جنگی مأموران کشته شدند [Reputable Source to Iran International: Four Protestors were killed by Shots Fired by Soldiers in Divandarre]. Iran International (in Persian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  90. ^ "اعتراض‌ها در ایران؛ هویت شش قربانی سرکوب تایید شد". رادیو فردا (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  91. ^ "Sevvomīn Rūz-e Eʿterāżāt-e Mardomī be Qatl-e Žīnā Amīnī; Eʿtesāb-e Gostarde-ye Bāzāryān va Kasabe dar Šahr-hā-ye Moḫtalef-e Kord-e-stān/Košte Šodan-e Dast-e Kam Čahār Nafar va Zaḫmī Šodan-e Biš az 85 Nafar dar Natiǧe-ye Tīr-andāzī-ye Nīrūhay-e Mosallaḥ-e Ǧomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Irān" سومین روز اعتراضات مردمی به قتل ژینا امینی؛ اعتصاب گسترده بازاریان و کسبه در شهرهای مختلف کردستان / کشته شدن دست‌کم چهار نفر و زخمی شدن بیش از ۸۵ نفر در نتیجه تیراندازی نیروهای مسلح جمهوری اسلامی ایران [Day Three of Public Protests Against the Murder of Žina Amini; Widespread Strike by Market Sellers and Businessmen in Various Cities Across Kurdistan / At least Four People were Slain and 85 Injured as the Result of Shots Fired by the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran]. Kurdistan Human Rights Network (in Persian). 19 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  92. ^ "Šabake-ye Ḥoqūq-e Bašar-e Kordestān: Farǧād Darvišī, Moʿtareż-e 23 Sāle Ahl-e Orūmiye, Košte Šod" شبکه‌ حقوق‌بشر کردستان: فرجاد درویشی، معترض ۲۳ ساله اهل ارومیه، کشته شد [Kurdistan Human Rights Network: Farjad Darvishi, a 23-Year-Old Protester from Urmia, was Slain]. Iran International (in Persian). 20 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  93. ^ OstanWire (25 September 2022). "Hadis Najafi, 20, Killed in a Spray of Bullets in Karaj, Becomes a New Symbol of Defiance in Iran". IranWire.
  94. ^ "Edāme-ye Eʿterāż-hā ʿAlīye Ḥokūmat dar Irān dar Rūz-e Panǧ-šanbe bā Voǧūd-e Qatʿ-e Gostarde Internet" ادامه اعتراض‌ها علیه حکومت در ایران در روز پنج‌شنبه با وجود قطع گسترده اینترنت [Continuation of Protests Against the Government of Iran continue on Thursday during of Widespread Internet Shut-Offs]. Iran International (in Persian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  95. ^ KHRN (21 September 2022). "کرمانشاه؛ کشته شدن یک زن در اعتراضات با تیراندازی نیروهای ضدشورش | شبکە حقوق بشر کردستان" (in Persian). KHRN. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  96. ^ "Čahār Šahrvand Šāmel Yek Kūdak dar As̱ar-e Tīr-andāzī-ye Nīrū-hā-ye Żedd-Šureš va Basīǧ dar Šahr-hā-ye Orūmiye va Ošnavīye Košte Šodand" چهار شهروند شامل یک کودک در اثر تیراندازی نیروهای ضدشورش و بسیج در شهرهای ارومیه و اشنویه کشته شدند [Four Citizens, Including a Child, were Slain by Anti-Insurgency and Basij Forces in the Cities of Urmia and Oshnavieh]. Kurdistan Human Rights Network (in Persian). 21 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  97. ^ "Košte Šodan Bāzikon-e Tīm-Vālibāl-e SĀĪPĀ dar Eʿterāżāt-e Qučān" کشته شدن بازیکن تیم والیبال سایپا در اعتراضات قوچان [SAIPA Volleyball Team Player Slain during Quchan Protests]. IranWire (in Persian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  98. ^ "Hananeh Kia, 23, Shot Dead on her Way Home in Nowshahr, Family Confirms". iranwire.com. 23 September 2022.
  99. ^ "حنانه کیا، ۲۳ ساله چهارشنبه شب در اعتراضات نوشهر کشته شد". iranwire.com (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  100. ^ "Košte Šodan Yek Šahrvand dar Eʿterāżāt-e Īlām" کشته شدن یک شهروند در اعتراضات ایلام [One Citizen Slain during Ilam Protests]. Hengaw Organization for Human Rights (in Persian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  101. ^ "کشته شدن مازیار سلمانیان در رشت؛ بازیکن سابق داماش تیر خورد". iranwire.com (in Persian). Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  102. ^ People's protest against the killing of Mehsa Amini, Kurdistan Human right
  103. ^ "Iranians see widespread internet blackout amid mass protests". AP News. Associated Press. 21 September 2022. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  104. ^ a b c d e Burgess, Matt (23 September 2022). "Iran's Internet Shutdown Hides a Deadly Crackdown". Wired. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  105. ^ Thorbecke, Catherine (24 September 2022). "Iran's sweeping internet blackouts are a serious cause for concern". CNN. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  106. ^ a b "Iran pledges 'decisive action' as Mahsa Amini protests continue". Al Jazeera. 25 September 2022. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  107. ^ Ropeck, Lucas (23 September 2022). "After Getting Blocked in Iran, Signal Wants You to Help Bypass Nation's Restrictions". Gizmodo. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  108. ^ Dobberstein, Laura (23 September 2022). "Iran blocks Whatsapp, Instagram as citizens protest death of Mahsa Amini". The Register. Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  109. ^ "پشتیبانی از پروکسی – پشتیبانی سیگنال". Signal Support (in Persian). Archived from the original on 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  110. ^ Yang, Maya; Wintour, Patrick (22 September 2022). "Iran leader shuns Christiane Amanpour interview over refusal to wear headscarf". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  111. ^ Mackintosh, Eliza (22 September 2022). "Iran's President abandons CNN interview after Amanpour declines head scarf demand". CNN. Archived from the original on 23 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  112. ^ Farhi, Paul (22 September 2022). "Amanpour says Iran's president canceled interview when she wouldn't cover head". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  113. ^ "Iranian women in India support protests in home country". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  114. ^ "Iran summons UK, Norway ambassadors amid Mahsa Amini protests". 25 September 2022.
  115. ^ "Iranian Majles Member: Mahsa Amini's Death Is Our Fault". MEMRI. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  116. ^ Reza Pahlavi [@PahlaviReza] (23 September 2022). "Direct & unequivocal support for #IranProtests" (Tweet). Retrieved 25 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  117. ^ Maryam Rajavi [@Maryam_Rajavi] (24 September 2022). "I salute the martyrs of the nationwide #Iranprotests who laid down their lives for freedom" (Tweet). Retrieved 25 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  118. ^ "IRGC Calls for Footballer Ali Karimi's Arrest Over Support for Protests". Iran Wire. 23 September 2022.
  119. ^ "French police use tear gas to thwart Iran protest in Paris". France 24. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  120. ^ Justin Trudeau [@JustinTrudeau] (22 September 2022). "Canada strongly supports people who are expressing themselves and protesting peacefully in Iran. We are calling on the Iranian regime to end its repression of freedom of expression – and to end the ongoing harassment of, and discrimination against, women" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  121. ^ "Three killed in protests over Iranian woman Mahsa Amini's death in custody". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 20 September 2022.
  122. ^ "Cumhurbaşkanlığı Sözcüsü İbrahim Kalın NTV'de". ntv.com.tr (in Turkish). 23 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  123. ^ Colak, Umut (22 September 2022). "Women in Turkey Protest Iranian Woman's Death". VOA. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  124. ^ "Kadınlar Türkiye'nin dört bir yanında Mahsa Amini için sokağa çıktı". Evrensel Gazetesi (in Turkish). 22 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  125. ^ "President Joe Biden UN General Assembly Full Speech". IYouTube.
  126. ^ "US Officials React To Death Of Young Woman, Protests in Iran". Iran International. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  127. ^ Antony Blinken [@SecBlinken] (23 September 2022). "We took action today to advance Internet freedom and the free flow of information for the Iranian people, issuing a General License to provide them greater access to digital communications to counter the Iranian government's censorship" (Tweet). Retrieved 24 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  128. ^ Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez [@AOC] (23 September 2022). "Solidarity with the courageous women and allies in Iran protesting for their freedom. [...]" (Tweet). Retrieved 24 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  129. ^ Amy Klobuchar [@amyklobuchar] (23 September 2022). "The women of Iran are taking to the streets, risking their lives for their rights and freedoms. I am with you, we are with you" (Tweet). Retrieved 24 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  130. ^ "US Lawmakers Assail Iran on Death of Woman in Morality Police Custody". VOA. 22 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  131. ^ "Iran: Statement by the Spokesperson on the death of Mahsa Amini | EEAS Website". European External Action Service. 19 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  132. ^ "UN decries 'violent response' to Mahsa Amini's death". Al Arabiya English. 20 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  133. ^ "End the protest bloodshed in Iran". Amnesty International. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  134. ^ "Concern mounts at 'lethal' Iran crackdown on protests". France 24. 20 September 2022. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  135. ^ Gottbrath, Laurin-Whitney (22 September 2022). "U.S. sanctions Iran's morality police over death of woman in custody". Axios. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  136. ^ "Treasury Sanctions Iran's Morality Police and Senior Security Officials for Violence Against Protesters and the Death of Mahsa Amini". United States Department of the Treasury. 22 September 2022.
  137. ^ "Designating Iran's Morality Police and Seven Officials for Human Rights Abuses in Iran". United States Department of State. 22 September 2022.
  138. ^ "Canada To Sanction Those Responsible For Iranian Woman's Death". 26 September 2022.